European Council Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities and its Implementation

The Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities, signed in Strasbourg on the 1st of February 1995, is one of the major and most important legally binding multilateral treaties on the protection of national minorities’ rights and freedoms. The state becoming a member of the convention should be bound to the rules of law existing in the Convention. It should respect national minorities’ rights and freedoms, combat discrimination, ensure equality before the law, protect and develop the essential parts of national minorities’ identity such as language, religion, tradition and cultural heritage, guarantee the persons belonging to national minorities the right to education, self-expression in mother tongue, and promote their participation in public life.

Lithuania is one of the first European states to sign the Convention (1 February 1995) and ratify it without reservation (23 March 2000). Lithuania has committed itself to respect and protect human rights and freedoms, and to create equal background for self-expression and cultural equality of all nationalities. Every five years the state submits reports on legal instruments and other measures the state takes in implementing the Convention.

The state issues a report, which is prepared after analysis and summary of the information submitted by the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Lithuania, the Ministry of Social Affairs and Labour of the Republic of Lithuania, the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Lithuania, the Ministry of Justice of the Republic of Lithuania, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Lithuania, and the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania as well as by the Department of Public Administration, the State Commission of the Lithuanian Language, the Office of the Equal Opportunities Ombudsperson, the Office of the Inspector of Journalist Ethics, the Statistics Department under the Government of the Republic of Lithuania, the Migration Department under the Ministry of the Interior of the Republic of Lithuania, the Centre of Cultural Heritage, Vilnius City Municipality, Lithuanian Labour Market under the Ministry of Social Security and Labour, and other related institutions. The draft reports is coordinated with the Board of National Communities, which is acting under the Department of National Minorities.

The Department of National Minorities has prepared and submitted the interested institutions the fourth report on implementation of the Council of Europe Framework Convention on National Minorities in Lithuania. The document is available HERE.

Fourth Opinion on Lithuania - adopted on 30 May 2018.
Thematic commentary No.4 The scope of application of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities

 

Last updated: 19-02-2019